National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme

The programme includes six vector borne diseases like:
• Malaria • Filaria
• Dengue • Chikungunya
• Japanese Encephalitis • Kaka-azar
Out of six diseases five diseases have been reported except Kala-azar by the State which are spread through the biting of infected mosquitoes.

Malaria

It isspread through the biting of infected female anopheles mosquito. Fever with rigor & chill, sweetening, headache, nausea & vomiting are the main symptoms of the disease. Mitanin and health workers are advised to perform RD Test / taking blood slide if a person having such symptoms. Health service providers should be given complete treatment (in Pv positive: 3 days Chloroquine with 14 days primaquine and in Pf Positive: 3 days Artemisinin Therapy with single dose Primaquine) after finding malaria positive. Person aged less than one year, pregnant women & G6PD are not to take primaquine. Early refer to the severe & complicated patients through 108/102 ambulance services to the nearest identified sentinel sites hospitals.
    Prevent storage of stagnant of water near habitation, source reduction for control of larvae, use of LLIN/own bed nets for personal protective measures. Netting of windows and fogging during evening for control of adult mosquito.

Dengue & Chikungunya

: It is spread by the biting of infected female aedes mosquito. After onset of the symptoms like high fever with chill & rigor, joint pain, headache, nausea & vomiting, retro orbital pain and haemorrhagic spot blood serum sample of the patient should be sent to identified Dengue SSH (Medical College: Raipur, Jagdalpur, Raigarh, Rajnandgaon and Ambikapur and district hospital of Korba&Bilaspur). Dengue & chikungunya positive patients are advised to sleep under bed nets/LLIN to prevent secondary infection. Paracetamol advised to control of fever. Aspirin and steroid are not recommended to the positive patients. Patients are advised to take plenty of water, juices and liquids. Discard water storage from cooler, tyres, plastics and empty coconut to prevent mosquito breeding. Use bed nets during sleeping.

Japanese Encephalitis

It is spread by the biting of infected female culexvishnui mosquito. The virus mainly found in wild animals (cow, horse, pig etc) and birds (duck, water herons etc). This disease may affect to all age group at any time. There is no human to human transmission . Fever within 5-7 days, convulsion, confusion, stupor, seizere, coma, hypotonic, disorientation are the symptoms of this disease. The blood serum sample / CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) of person having such symptoms should be sent to identified JE sentinel site for IgM ELISA confirmation. JE positive patients should be advised to sleep under ITN/LLIN bed net to prevent secondary infection. Paracetamol advised to control of fever.

Lymphatic Filaria

It is spread by the biting of infected female culexvishnui mosquito. The virus mainly found in wild animals (cow, horse, pig etc) and birds (duck, water herons etc). This disease may affect to all age group at any time. There is no human to human transmission . Fever within 5-7 days, convulsion, confusion, stupor, seizere, coma, hypotonic, disorientation are the symptoms of this disease. The blood serum sample / CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) of person having such symptoms should be sent to identified JE sentinel site for IgM ELISA confirmation. JE positive patients should be advised to sleep under ITN/LLIN bed net to prevent secondary infection. Paracetamol advised to control of fever.